As previously stated, Cricket DRS stands for Decision Review System. It is a technology-based system that assists on-field umpires with their robust decision-making capacity. It is an effort to ensure that decisions are made in the most transparent manner possible. Further that the correct decision is made at the end of each event. The process of the on-field umpire invokes the third umpire to make the correct decision. Using DRS technology is referred to as a team opting for a DRS. As a result, it was first used in India’s Test series in Sri Lanka in July 2008.
Cricket DRS was first used in a Test match between India and Sri Lanka in July 2008. Despite the fact that the ICC officially launched the system in November 2009. During the first Test between New Zealand and Pakistan in Dunedin. The system has gone through some changes. The changes were made in order to be fair to all of the cricket rules involved during a DRS call.
History of Cricket DRS
The Decision Review System (DRS) was first used in Tests in November 2009. But it wasn’t made mandatory in T20Is until after October 2017. A new Decision Review System (DRS) was introduced during India’s Test series in Sri Lanka in July 2008. Only one of the 12 decisions overturned under the Cricket DRS favoured India. Former India batsman Virender Sehwag lbw decision in 2008. It was the first to be overturned under the UDRS (as it was called then).
In November 2009, the system was officially introduced in Tests. The rules were changed in September 2013 to allow teams to reset their review counts after 80 overs. In 2016, the criteria for lbw out decisions. These were changed to broaden the frame of contact between ball and stump.
India agreed to use the system a month later. For the first time, the Cricket DRS was used in the IPL in 2018. During the 2017 season’s play-offs. The Pakistan Super League (PSL) was the first T20 tournament to use the DRS. The International Cricket Council (ICC) only made Cricket DRS mandatory in T20Is on October 1, 2017.
Cricket DRS Rules and Usage in Each Format
As part of the Cricket DRS rules established in cricket. Every decision reviewed using DRS involves fixed steps followed by the third umpire. After the on-field umpire makes his decision, the challenging team has 15 seconds. This was in order to decide whether or not to accept the Cricket DRS call. The fielding captain or batsman declared out must signal a “T” sign to the on-field umpire in order for the decision to be reviewed.
Before proceeding with the replays at the business end. The third umpire checks to see if it’s a legal delivery in case the bowler has overstepped. If the delivery is fair and legal, the third umpire moves on to the other end of the event. It involves the heart of the matter.
The third umpire is assisted by Ultra-Edge/Real-Time Snicko (RTS) and HotSpot as two methods for determining whether the ball has hit the bat in the event of an lbw or an appeal for a catch. The HotSpot technology is based on the process of heat generated by the interaction of the bat and ball, which results in an immediate spot on the bat in the event of a possible edge. UltraEdge or RTS uses sound to indicate a deviation or spike when the ball is close to the bat.
How Many Cricket DRS Reviews Have There Been in Test, ODI, and T20 Cricket?
The ICC has also determined the number of times a team can make a valid Cricket DRS call based on the format. In Test Cricket, each team receives two unsuccessful reviews per innings. In ODIs and T20 matches, each team is only allowed one unsuccessful review per innings. However, due to home umpires during the COVID era, each team was allowed to use a review three times in their innings during a Test match, while only two reviews were allowed in an ODI.
How Do Teams Decide on DRS?
Only the fielding captain or a batsman who the onfield umpire has given out can request Cricket DRS by making a ‘T’ sign with their hands. After the onfield umpire has made a decision, teams now have 15 seconds to choose DRS.
How Many DRS Challenges Does a Team Face in Test and Odi Cricket?
Initially, each team had three unsuccessful DRS challenges per innings in Test cricket, but this was reduced to two per innings in ODIs and T20Is. Teams can retain a DRS challenge at any time if they complete a successful challenge. Left-over challenges from the first innings of a Test do not carry over to the second innings.
When a Team Chooses DRS, What Is the Procedure for the Umpires?
At the bowler’s end, the onfield umpire signals a square mime on a TV screen to request that the third umpire review the decision. The third umpire first determines whether it is a legal delivery before proceeding to review the replays to determine whether it is lbw or caught behind.
The systems Ultra-edge (or snickometer) and Hotspot are used to determine whether the ball made contact with the bat before hitting the pad (in the case of an lbw decision) or being caught by the wicketkeeper.
If the ultra-edge does not show a nick, the third umpire reviews the impact before confirming if the ball is indeed projected to hit the stumps with the ball-tracking software.
Further, if the on-field umpire has ruled the batter out, he signals out after the third umpire has communicated the decision. If the third umpire asks his on-field counterpart to reverse his incorrect decision, he cancels it by touching each shoulder with the opposite hand before signalling out.
What Is the Umpire’s Decision?
The International Cricket Council added umpire’s call to the DRS in 2016, encouraging on-field umpires to make decisions and benefit from the doubt in the case of marginal lbw decisions.
As a result, if either the impact, the zone where the ball pitched, or the projected ball path as it passes the stumps returns as an umpire’s call, the onfield umpire’s decision (out or not out) is final. On the other hand, teams will not lose their reviews if the umpire’s decision is factored into the final decision.
What’s the distinction between a player review and an umpire review?
Cricket DRS does not apply to umpire review: the onfield umpires may consult with the third umpire at their discretion to rule, for example, on an inconclusive catch. The player makes the choice of whether or not to use DRS.