The ball used in an American football game is called a football. On a grass (or artificial turf) field, the sport is played. The field is 360 feet (110 metres) in length and 160 feet (49 metres) in width. The end zones, one at either end of the field, are 10 yards (9.1 m) long.
The players are protected with a helmet with a face mask, shoulder pads, thigh pads, and, in some cases, a mouth guard. While the other team tries to stop the ball, a team has four chances, or “downs,” to advance it 10 yards (9.1 m). Carrying or throwing the ball allows certain players to advance the ball.
Teams can score by moving the ball towards the end zone of the opposing team or kicking the ball through a goalpost in the rear of the end zone. Time and rules govern American football, which are strictly enforced by referees who also determine whether a team scores.
A 60-minute collegiate or professional football game is divided into 15-minute quarters. Quarters are 12 minutes long in some high schools, and games for younger children are often even shorter. The teams take a halftime break after the first two quarters.
If the game is tied after four quarters in NFL football, the two teams compete in at least one more 15-minute period known as overtime. The first side to score points in overtime is usually the winner. However, under the current rules, which were implemented for the 2011 postseason, if the team in possession of the ball scores a field goal, the other team has a chance to score. The game is over if that team does not score or if it scores a touchdown.
The game continues if it scores a field goal, and the next team to score wins. Only one overtime period is played during the regular season; if no team scores, or if both teams score field goals when they first have the ball, the game is tied. During the playoffs, the game will be extended as many times as necessary to choose a winner. In overtime, if the game is still tied after each team has had the ball once, the team that scores first wins.
The teams take turns trying to score in NCAA football overtime, which is modelled on the high school football system used in most U.S. states. When one team scores and the other team fails to score as many points during its turn, the game is over.
Players and their Gear
An American football team is made up of 45 players, despite the fact that each team only has 11 players on the field. The teams are divided into three groups: attacking (smaller, stronger, faster players, including a quarterback who is said to run the attacking plays and throw the ball to teammates), defence (larger, more powerful players designed to stop players from running), and special teams (larger, more powerful players designed to stop players from running) (responsible for the kicking and punting side of the game with a mixture of larger and faster players).
A typical American football field is 100 yards long and 60 yards wide. On the field, lines are drawn every ten yards to show how far each team must travel before reaching the end zone. Each end zone is around 20 yards long and is added to each end of the pitch. At each end, there are posts where the kicker kicks the ball over.
The Goal of the Game
The goal of American football is to score more points in the allowed time than your opponents. To do so, they must move the ball down the field in phases of play before eventually scoring a touchdown in the ‘end zone.’ This can be accomplished by passing the ball to a teammate or running with it.
Each team has four chances (downs) to advance the ball ten yards. When they pass the ten yard line, their downs are reset, and they begin the process all over again for another ten yards. The ball will be turned over to the defensive team after four downs have gone and they have failed to gain the required 10 yards.
American Football Scoring
The ultimate goal of American football, like in almost every other sport, is to score more points than the opposing team. The following is how the game works out in terms of scoring:
A Touchdown is Scored (6 Points)
When a team crosses the opponent’s goal line with the ball, or catches or retrieves the ball in the end zone, a touchdown is scored.
Goal on the Field (3 Points)
On fourth down, if the kicker is close enough to the end zone to kick the ball through between the upright posts, a team will normally do this.
Bonus Points (1 Or 2 Points)
After a touchdown, an extra point is scored by kicking the ball through the uprights (similar to a conversion in rugby). Taking the ball into the end zone for a second time earns two points, but because it is more difficult, most teams opt for the one point.
Safety is Paramount (2 Points)
If a member of the offensive team is tackled with the ball in their own end zone, the defensive team can score two points.
We hope that this guide has provided you with the tools you need to master the game. Football, like any other sport, has many more aspects and rules than those listed here, but if you grasp the flow of the game and the scoring, you should be able to enjoy and comprehend it while filling in the blanks.
American Football Rules
The game is divided into four 15-minute quarters. There is a 2-minute break between the first and second quarters, as well as a 15-minute break between the second and third quarters (half time).
Each side gets four downs to gain ten yards or more. To gain yards, they can either toss or run the ball. The downs and yardage are reset as soon as the team gains the required yards. A turnover will occur if the yardage is not gained after four downs.
On any given down, players can run hundreds of different plays. Teams make up plays, and players frequently sprint all over the place (routes) in what is effectively organised pandemonium. The attacking team’s on-field plays are called by the head coach or quarterback, while the defensive team’s plays are called by the defensive captain.
Every game begins with a coin flip to determine which team will receive the ball first and which side of the pitch they will begin on.
The game starts with a kick-off, in which one team punts the ball down field for the other team to run back as far as possible with the ball.
On fourth down, the offence has the choice of attempting to make up the yards lost or kicking the ball. They have two alternatives if they chose to kick: punt or aim for a field goal. Their paly is usually determined by their position on the pitch. A field goal attempt will be attempted if the ball is within 40 yards of the opposition’s goal posts. They’ll probably take a chance if they’re further back.